a division within a play, much like chapters of a novel. Thus, both the Greek chorus and the Elizabethan actor in soliloquy might be seen to “do” nothing, but their intimate speeches of evaluation and reassessment teach the spectator how to think and feel about the action of the main stage and lend great weight to the events of the play. These essential elements of drama include the plot of the story, the theme, the genre in which the story belongs, the characters, the setting, and the audience. 1. 15. Term Definition Action (dramatic) When a situation is presented, explored and resolved. It involves the characters and events of the story being brought to life on a stage by actors and their interactions (verbal and non-verbal) through its events. In the ritualistic drama of ancient Greece, the playwrights wrote in verse, and it may be assumed that their actors rendered this in an incantatory speech halfway between speech and song. More relevant are the scope and scale of the character-in-situation—whether, for example, it is man confronting God or a man confronting his wife—for that comes closer to the kind of experience the play is offering its audience. Aristotle’s Six Elements of Drama. Elements of Drama. Asian drama consists chiefly of the classical theatre of Hindu India and its derivatives in Peninsular Malaysia and of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, China, Japan, Java, and Bali. Certainly, the aural, kinetic, and emotive directives in verse are more direct than prose, though, in the hands of a master of prose dialogue like Shaw or Chekhov, prose can also share these qualities. Only at the end of the 19th century, when naturalistic realism became the mode, were characters in dramas expected to speak as well as behave as in real life. Comedy. School Curriculum and Standards Authority A list of characters presented before the action begins. In theatrical communication, however, audiences remain living and independent participants. e805128. Teach, review, and assess the key elements of drama terms - drama, stage directions, aside, soliloquy, monologue, and dialogue - with this creative, thorough, and low prep teaching pack!It provides: - foldable instructions or sketch notes for note-taking- PPT lecture with definitions and examples- I A drama is a type of story acted out before an audience, often in a theater . In judging a character, we should consider carefully all that is said about him by others. Flat characters (or two dimensional characters) demonstrate a lack of depth or change in the course of a drama event. In the majority of plays it is necessary to establish a conventional code of place and time. drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance. symbol: symbolic parts of the scenography or design represent and add further meaning to themes, narrative, emotion, mood and atmosphere. Altogether, they provide a building block by which dramatic works can be analyzed and evaluated. The characters may be superhuman and godlike in appearance, speech, and deed or grotesque and ridiculous, perhaps even puppets, but as long as they behave in even vaguely recognizable human ways the spectator can understand them. By presenting animate characters in a situation with a certain style and according to a given pattern, a playwright will endeavour to communicate thoughts and feelings and to have the audience consider those ideas or reproduce the emotion that inspired the writing of the play. elements of drama. See more. For one thing, drama can never become a “private” statement—in the way a novel or a poem may be—without ceasing to be meaningful theatre. Certainly it has little to do with merely physical activity by the players. French literature: The development of drama. Learn. That relationship may be fixed (largely unchanged by the dramatic action) or variable (challenged or changed by the dramatic action). 303 Sevenoaks St Cannington This dramatic element refers to the effective use of available space in a performance. Among its various elements, some important ones are: Substance: It refers to the material of the comedy, its text and words. This extreme theatricality lent to artists and audiences an imaginative freedom upon which great theatre could thrive. In the drama of India, a verse accompaniment made the actors’ highly stylized system of symbolic gestures of head and eyes, arms and fingers a harmonious whole. relationships: refers to the qualities of the connection between two or more characters or roles. •Scenes- shorter sections of a play, usually each scene occurs in one location at a specific time. Rather, it is self-evident that a play will not communicate without it. Of these, the cultural background is the most important, if the most elusive. Structure is also dictated by the particular demands of the material to be dramatized: a revue sketch that turns on a single joke will differ in shape from a religious cycle, which may portray the whole history of humankind from the Creation to the Last Judgment. Drama: Glossary 3 GLOSSARY For the purposes of the Drama syllabus, the following definitions will apply. Only if they are too abstract do they cease to communicate as theatre. moveable objects used on the set of a play. lines that are spoken by a character directly to the audience. Dramas are typically called plays, and their creators are known as “playwrights” or “dramatists.” 146 times. Match. Dramatic literature - Dramatic literature - Common elements of drama: Despite the immense diversity of drama as a cultural activity, all plays have certain elements in common. PLAY. Thus, the figure of Death in medieval drama reasons like a human being, and a god in Greek tragedy or in Shakespeare talks like any mortal. dialogue. Flashcards. Some symbols are literal while others infer meaning. situation: the condition or circumstances in which a character or characters are presented often at the opening of a performance. STUDY. The stories and characters used in a comedy from the pith of it. This resource is Common Core and TEKS Standards aligned for grades 3 – 5. By means of signals of style, the audience may be led to expect that the play will follow known paths, and the pattern of the play will regularly echo the rhythm of response in the auditorium. A realistic drama may require a good deal of exposition of the backgrounds and memories of the characters, while in a chronicle play the playwright may tell the whole story episodically from its beginning to the end. 2. Gravity. Literary Terms To Know. Indeed, many a successful play has style and little else. Flat... dramatic tension: drives the drama and … The (8) Basic Elements of Drama. Some other formats are dance performances, radio shows, puppet shows, etc. It is generally thought that Asian drama, like that of the West, had its beginnings in religious festivals. In this drama, place could be shifted with a license that would have astonished the most romantic of Elizabethan dramatists, the action could leap back in time in a way reminiscent of the flashback of the modern cinema, and events could be telescoped with the abandon of Expressionism. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. In the modern theater, this list has changed slightly, although you will notice that many of the elements remain the same. Thus the origins of Asian drama are lost in time, although its themes and characteristic styles probably remain much the same as before records were kept. By contrast, Western drama during and after the Renaissance has offered increasing realism, not only in decor and costume but also in the treatment of character and situation. Design and stylistic elements can also be metaphors for characterisation or provide meaning in terms of theme. Plays aim to sho… Dramas are commonly called plays. Verse is employed in other drama that is conventionally elevated, like the Christian drama of the Middle Ages, the tragedy of the English Renaissance, the heroic Neoclassical tragedies of 17th-century France by Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine, the Romantic lyricism of Goethe and Friedrich von Schiller, and modern attempts at a revival of a religious theatre like those of T.S. 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Elements of Drama •Acts- long sections of a play, made up of multiple scenes, usually designed to separate the play into its main parts and to give the audience a “break” from the performance. Mood in drama can be created via sound, lighting, movement, setting, rhythm, contrast, conflict and more. The elements of a play do not combine naturally to create a dramatic experience but, rather, are made to work together through the structure of a play, a major factor in the total impact of the experience. In the West, religious questioning, spiritual disunity, and a belief in the individual vision combined finally with commercial pressures to produce comparatively rapid changes. opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces. In a play in which the stage must closely approximate reality, the location of the action will be precisely identified, and the scenic representation on stage must confirm the illusion. Character gives us qualities, but it is in our actions what we do that we are happy or the reverse (Poetics, 1450a18). Elements of Drama - Vocabulary DRAFT. Glossary of Dramatic Terms Note: The Glossary is in alphabetical order. 2. Terms in this set (8) PLOT (The Most Dangerous Game) Drama definition, a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended to be acted on the stage; a play. The relationship may be cooperative (as in a friendship), adversarial (as in enemies), neutral (neither positive nor negative) or non-existent (as in total strangers). For example, ‘He is a lion of a man.’ In drama, the use of metaphor can be more subtle such as a metaphor of a mouse created through a character having a squeaky voice and small darting movements. Play this game to review Drama. Thus, verse drama may embrace a wide variety of nonrealistic aural and visual devices: Greek tragic choric speech provided a philosophical commentary upon the action, which at the same time drew the audience lyrically into the mood of the play. Edit. Differences between plays arise from differences in conditions of performance, in local conventions, in the purpose of theatre within the community, and in cultural history. By style, therefore, is implied the whole mood and spirit of the play, its degree of fantasy or realism, its quality of ritualism or illusion, and the way in which these qualities are signaled by the directions, explicit or implicit, in the text of the play. A playwright will determine the shape of a play in part according to the conditions in which it will be performed: how long should it take to engage an audience’s interest and sustain it? Drama is a conventional game, and spectators cannot participate if the rules are constantly broken.